Tools Menu

Share Your Feedback

Winner of two 2013 Emmy Awards from the Southeast Chapter of the National Academy of Television Arts and Sciences

Today in Georgia History
is a joint collaboration of the Georgia Historical Society & Georgia Public Broadcasting.

July 7

Get Adobe Flash player

Battle of Bloody Marsh

July 7, 1742 - St. Simons Island
Georgia might have become a Spanish colony had it not been for the Battle of Bloody Marsh, fought on this day in 1742.

The battle on St. Simon’s Island was part of a global clash of arms between two empires: England and Spain. The two nations were at odds over pirateering on the high seas and over borders in North America. General James Oglethorpe, Georgia’s founder, led a body of Georgia troops into Spanish Florida in 1740 and unsuccessfully attacked St. Augustine.

The Spanish retaliated two years later when St. Augustine’s governor led 5,000 soldiers on an invasion of Britain’s youngest North American colony. Oglethorpe dug in with less than a thousand men on a high bluff on St. Simon’s overlooking the Frederica River. Despite being heavily outnumbered, Oglethorpe’s men repelled two Spanish attacks with minimal casualties.

The last major Spanish offensive in Georgia ended in defeat and preserved Georgia as a British colony on July 7, 1742, Today in Georgia History.

Resources

Vocabulary

Daily Activity

Learn More & Image Credits

Related Topics

18th century, Colonial, trustees, Governor, Power Authority and Governance, Time Continuity and Change, Global Connections, empire, Oglethorpe

Related Articles
& Links

Battle of Bloody Mar...

James Oglethorpe Die...

Georgia Indians in E...

Fast Fact

The Battle of Bloody Marsh earned its name from its location; about 50 men, mostly Spanish, were killed.