Tools Menu (homepage)

Share Your Feedback

Winner of two 2013 Emmy Awards from the Southeast Chapter of the National Academy of Television Arts and Sciences

Today in Georgia History
is a joint collaboration of the Georgia Historical Society & Georgia Public Broadcasting.

August 22

Get Adobe Flash player

Slave Insurrection in Quitman

August 22, 1864 - Quitman
Georgians, like all Americans, were deeply divided by the Civil War. On August 22, 1864, four men were executed in Brooks County for conspiring to plot a slave insurrection.

The conspirators were a local white man, John Vickery, and three slaves: Nelson, George and Sam. They planned to seize weapons, secure the county seat, Quitman, and hold it for the U.S. Army in Florida. They also intended to murder some of the county's wealthier planters. But local authorities discovered the plot. The conspirators were convicted of insurrection, and hanged on the courthouse square.

Historians estimate that at least a half million white Southerners remained loyal to the United States during the war. Many actively worked to undermine the Confederacy. Four million enslaved black Southerners also seized whatever opportunities they could to support the United States. What happened in Brooks County is a stark reminder that our history is more complex than we might think.

During the Civil War, Southern did not always mean Confederate, as Brooks County authorities understood all too well on August 22, 1864, Today in Georgia History.

Resources

Vocabulary

Daily Activity

Learn More & Image Credits

Related Topics

19th century, African American, Civil War, insurrection, slavery, Time Continuity and Change, Power Authority and Governance

Related Articles
& Links

Slave Insurrection i...

John C. Fremont...

First Black Soldiers...

Fast Fact

Anti-Confederacy activity, such as the failed slave insurrection and including food riots, draft invasion and labor unrest, continued in the final year of the Civil War