Learn More – The Camilla Massacre
Lee W. Formwalt, “The Camilla Massacre of 1868: Racial Violence as Political Propaganda,” Georgia Historical Quarterly 71 (fall 1987).
Lee W. Formwalt, “Petitioning Congress for Protection: A Black View of Reconstruction at the Local Level,” Georgia Historical Quarterly73 (summer 1989).
Susan E. O’Donovan, “Philip Joiner, Black Republican Leader,” Journal of Southwest Georgia History 4, no. 4 (1986).
George Rable, But There Was No Peace: The Role of Violence in the Politics of Reconstruction, (Athens: University of Georgia Press), 2007.